Designing and building a Tesla coil requires understanding certain scientific terms and units of measure. You’ll need to understand their purpose and function to properly make a Tesla coil. Here are some of the terms you'll need to know:
Capacitance is the ability to hold an electric charge or the amount of electric charge stored for a given voltage. (A device designed to hold an electric charge is called a capacitor.) The unit of measure for capacitance is the farad (abbreviated "F"). A farad is defined as 1 ampere-second (or coulomb) per volt. Commonly, capacitance is measured in smaller units, such as the microfarad (abbreviated "uF"), a millionth of a farad, or the picofarad (abbreviated pF and sometimes read as "puff"), a trillionth of a farad. Inductance, or self-inductance, is how much voltage an electric circuit carries per the amount of current in the circuit. (High-tension power lines, which carry a high voltage but a low current, have high inductance.) The unit of measure for inductance is the henry (abbreviated "H"). A henry is defined as 1 volt-second per ampere of current. Commonly, inductance is measured in smaller units, such as the millihenry (abbreviated "mH"), a thousandth of a henry, or the microhenry (abbreviated "uH"), a millionth of a henry. Resonant frequency, or resonance frequency, is the frequency at which the resistance to transfer of energy is at a minimum. (For a Tesla coil, this is optimum operating point for transferring electrical energy between the primary and secondary coils.) The unit of measure for the resonant frequency is the hertz (abbreviated "Hz"), defined as 1 cycle per second. More commonly, the resonant frequency is measured in kilohertz (abbreviated "kHz"), with a kilohertz being equal to 1000 hertz.