How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera


If a Network based IP or Analog camera is to be exposed to outdoor elements or is placed in an industrial setting, an external housing is need to protect it. There are standards that specify the degree of protection to be provided by enclosures. Two digits prefixed by the letters IP define the rating of protection look for IP 66 or higher. Vandalism and theft of hardware is not consider in this rating scheme.

Part 1
Environmental Factors

Environmental Factors on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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Weather conditions, outdoor temperature and equipment temperature rating should dictate if the camera housings will require a heater, de icing system, multiple hi flow fans or possibly an active cooling system. Remember sensitive electronics are just that sensitive -long life, reliability and down time should be all be considered.

Environmental Factors on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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The heater and fans act as a defogger for the lens and prevents the build up of condensation along it is suggested that a silica desiccant pack be placed in the housing. Dome housings, speed dome or dome enclosures are used for Pan Tilt and Zoom cameras because the internal mechanisms can be of a lighter construction and therefore permit very fast speeds of pan and tilt. If the dome is tinted or “smoked” it makes it difficult for a person to detect in which direction the camera is pointing.

Environmental Factors on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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An auto iris lens should always be used with an outdoor camera. This will give the camera a better dynamic range and protect the image sensor from being damaged by direct sunlight.

Environmental Factors on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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If it is too far away, reflections from the camera and the background may appear in the image.

Part 2
Lighting

Lighting on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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Lighting on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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Special color corrected lamps are available which produce a balanced white light suitable for most cameras.

Lighting on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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Not all color cameras are rated for IR infrared illumination due to a lack of IR cut filter.

Part 3
Avoid Direct Sunlight

Avoid Direct Sunlight on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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Direct sunlight may “blind” the camera and filters and burn the CCD causing stripes in the image.

Avoid Direct Sunlight on How to Choose the Right Location for Your Outdoor Security IP Camera

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Due to the large contrast, the camera will adjust in order to achieve a good level for the sky and the interesting landscape or objects may appear too dark. One way to avoid these problems is to mount the camera high above the ground. Used a proper pole with sturdy pole mount adapter or wall mounted bracket and always use proper mountings to avoid vibrations caused by wind.